In ancient Greece, a nymph was any of a large class of inferior female divinities, usually associated with growing things such as plants or with water.
A nymph was not an immortal, but lived a long time and was kindly disposed toward man.
Nymphs are distinguished according to the aspect of nature they are associated with:
Oceanids – sea nymphs
Nereids – saltwater and freshwater
Naiads – springs, rivers, lakes
Oreads – mountains, grottos
Napaeae – glens and groves
Alseids – glens and groves
Dryads – forests and trees
Hamadryads – forests and trees
Italian mythology originated divinities of springs and streams and water goddesses called Lymphae which in time became identified with their Greek counterparts in the same way as Italian gods eventually became identified with Greek gods.
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